|NTPC Ltd is the largest power generating company in India both in terms of installed capacity and generated output. The company is engaged in the business of generation and sale of bulk power. The company has two segments: generation and other business. Their other business includes providing consultancy, project management and supervision, oil and gas exploration, and coal mining. The company contributed 28.6% of the total power generation of India. They were ranked 317th in the "2009, Forbes Global 2000" ranking of the World`s biggest companies.
The company operates their stations at a level of efficiency that exceeds the average in India, based upon availability factor and average plant load factor (PLF). They have developed a long term technology roadmap for the induction of high efficiency equipment, including supercritical and ultra-supercritical machines at their new plants. Their subsidiaries include NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd, NTPC Hydro Ltd, NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd, Pipavav Power Development Company Ltd, Kanti Bijlee Utpadan Nigam Ltd and Bhartiya Rail Bijlee Company Ltd.
NTPC Ltd was incorporated on November 7, 1975 as a private limited company with the name National Thermal Power Corporation Pvt Ltd. In September 30, 1976, the word "Private" was deleted in the company`s name consequent upon the notification issued by the GoI exempting government companies from the use of word "private" in their name. In September 1977, the company acquired the first patch at Singrauli.
In the year 1978, the company took over the management of Badarpur project. Also, they commissioned the first 200MW unit at Singrauli. In December 25, 1981, the fifth and last unit at 210 MW at Badapur Thermal Power Station was synchronized by NTPC, making the completion of the 720 MW project. In the year 1982, the transmission line based on High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) technology was commissioned for power transmission from Rihand to Delhi.
In March 1, 1983, the first 200 MW unit of Kobra Super Thermal Power project was commissioned. In November 1983, they commissioned the first 200 MW unit at Ramagudam. In September 30, 1985, the company was converted from a private limited company into a public limited company. In the year 1986, they became one of the first PSUs to issue bonds in the debt market.
In the year 1992, the company acquired Feroze Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power Station (2x210MW) from Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam of Uttar Pradesh. Also, the transmission systems owned by the company were transferred to Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd pursuant to legislation by the Parliament of India. In the year 1994, the Jhanor-Gandhar thermal station in Gujarat commissioned an integrated Liquid Waste Treatment Plant.
In the year 1995, the company was conferred with "Navratna" status granted by the GoI. In June 1995, the company took over the 460 MW Talcher Thermal Power Station from Orissa State Electricity Board. In the year 1998, they commissioned the first Naphtha based plant at Kayamkulam with a capacity of 350 MW. In the year 2000, they commenced construction of their first hydro-electric power project of 800 MW capacity in Himachal Pradesh.
In the year 2002, the company incorporated three wholly owned subsidiaries, namely NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd, NTPC Hydro Ltd and NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd. They set up ESP (Electrostatic precipitators) at Talcher power plant. In October 2004, the company launched their initial public offering (IPO) consisting of 5.25% as fresh issue and 5.25% as offer for sale by Government of India. Thus, the company became a listed company in November 2004 with the Government holding 89.5% of the equity share capital.
In October 28, 2005, the name of the company was changed from National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd to NTPC Ltd to reflect the diversification of their business operations beyond thermal power generation to include, among others, generation of power from hydro, nuclear and renewable energy sources and undertaking coal mining and oil exploration activities. In the year 2006, Badarpur Thermal Power Station having an installed capacity of 705 MW was transferred to the company.
In the year 2008, the company signed an MoU with Asian Development Bank, GE Energy Financial Services, USA, Kyushu Electric Power Co Inc, Japan and Brookfield Renewable Power Inc Canada for setting up a joint venture company for undertaking renewable power generation under public-private-partnership. In December 2008, they incorporated a joint venture company, namley National Power Exchange Ltd with NHPC Ltd, PFC Ltd and TCS Ltd to operate power exchange at national level.
In the year 2009, the company entered into an MoU with Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) for development of nuclear power in India. The company acquired 44.6% paid-up capital in Kerala and Transformers and Electricals Kerala Ltd from Government of Kerala at a total consideration of Rs. 313.4 million. The company signed a long term fuel supply agreement with Coal India Ltd for supply of coal to NTPC Power Stations for a period of 20 years.
During the year, the company formed a joint venture company, namely Energy Efficient Services Ltd formed amongst NTPC Ltd, Power Finance Corporation Ltd, Powergrid Corporation of India Ltd and Rural Electrification Ltd to carry on and promote the business of Energy Efficiency and climate change including manufacture and supply of energy efficiency services and products. Also, they signed a joint venture agreement with Coal India Ltd for incorporation of a company with equal equity participation for development of Brahmini & Chichro Patsimal coal mine blocks.
During the year, the company in association with NHPC Ltd, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd and Damodar Valley Corporation incorporated a joint venture company, namely National High Power Test Laboratory Pvt Ltd for setting up an On-line High Power Test Laboratory for short-circuit test facility in the country. Also, the company in association with Steel Authority of India, Coal India Ltd, Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd and NMDC Ltd incorporated a joint venture company, namely International Coal Ventures Pvt Ltd.
In the year 2010, the company entered into a joint venture agreement with Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd for formation of a public limited company to set up nuclear power project with two nuclear reactor units which may be extended for setting-up additional nuclear power projects subject to techno-economic viability. They setup a monitoring centre to give fillip to their large capacity additional programme. Also, They commissioned the coal base unit 5 National Capital Thermal Power Project, Dadri located in Uttar Pradesh With the commissioning of this unit, the total installed capacity of the company crossed 31000 MW and became 31134 MW.
The President of India acting through Ministry of Power, Government of India divested the stake by 5% in the company through further public offer of 412,273,220 equity shares and the shareholding of Government of India reduced from 89.5% to 84.5% with effect from February 18, 2010. In May 19, 2010, the company was granted the coveted status of "Maha Ratna" by the Govt. of India. Also, the company was the official power partner of Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games.
In April 2010, the company entered into joint venture agreement with Coal India Ltd and formed a company, namely CIL NTPC Urja Pvt Ltd to carry on the business of acquisition of green field or operational Coal/ Lignite mine blocks in India and abroad and development of all kinds of Coal/ lignite mining for supply of fuels. In August 2010, they signed an MoU with Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) on mutual co-operation between the parties for development of Power Sector in Bangladesh.
During the year 2010-11, the company added capacity of 2,490 MW (including 500 MW through JV) which is the highest ever in a year since its inception. After commissioning of one unit of 660 MW at Sipat in June 2011, the company became a 34,854 MW company (including 3,364 MW thorugh JV). During the year, the company signed power purchase agreements (PPAs) for 49,000 MW capacity. Unit 6 of Dadri, Unit 1 of Muzaffarpur, Unit 1 of Jhajjar and Unit 7 of Korba were declared commercial during the year adding 1600 MW to commercial capacity of the company.
In October 2010, the company executed a memorandum of understanding with Government of Punjab and Punjab State Power Corporation Ltd for setting up 2640 MW (4x660MW) coal based Thermal Power Project at Gidarbaha in the State of Punjab. They executed an MoU with Govt of Madhya Pradesh and MP Power Trading Company (MP Tradeco) for setting up 3,960 MW (6x660 MW) Coal Based Thermal Power Project near Chhatarpur in Madhya Pradesh for the benefit of Bundelkhand region.
In October 2010, the company executed an MoU with Ministry of Railways for setting up a 1,320 MW (2x660 MW) Coal Based Thermal Power Project at Adra in West Bengal through a joint venture company. In January 2011, the company incorporated a joint venture company, namely Anushakti Vidhyut Nigam Ltd with Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd for the purpose of development of nuclear power projects in the country.
As of March 31, 2011, the company had installed capacity in India was 173626.4 mega-watts. As of March 31, 2011, the company had 67892 mega-watts of installed capacity has been accessed from small, mini and micro hydel schemes. As of March 31, 2011, the company had five subsidiaries: NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd, NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd, NTPC Hydro Ltd, Kanti Bijlee Utpadan Nigam Ltd and Bhartiya Rail Bijlee Company Ltd.
In July 18, 2011, the company signed an MOU with Government of Kerala with the objective to plan and develop around 200 MW Wind Energy based Power Projects in the State of Kerala in association with Government of Kerala, on Build, Own & Operate (BOO) basis using technology subject to establishment of techno-commercial viability. Out of total 200 MW, first 80MW wind energy projects will be developed on fast track basis at Ramakkalmadu by NTPC.
In September 6, 2011, the company nd Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB), Sri Lanka signed the joint venture Agreement on in Colombo for setting up a 500 MW (2 X 250 MW) coal based power station at Sampur, Trincomalee in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. A joint venture company would be incorporated in Sri Lanka, with equal equity (50:50) contributions by NTPC and CEB, for implementation of the power project.
In October 14, 2011, the company incorporated a joint venture company amongst NTPC Ltd. (NTPC), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Kyuden International Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Kyushu Electric Power Company Inc (Kyushu) under the name Pan-Asian Renewables Private Ltd.NTPC, ADB and Kyushu shall initially contribute in the ratio of 50:25:25 In the equity share capital of the Company. The Company has been incorporated to develop renewable energy projects and initially establish over a period of three years a portfolio of about 500 MW of Renewable Power Generation resources in India.
In January 29, 2012, the company signed a joint venture agreement with Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDP) with the objective of setting up and implementing 1320 MW coal based power plant(s) in Bangladesh to cater to the growing power requirements of Bangladesh. This project will be developed through a 50:50 joint venture company between NTPC Ltd and BPDP on Build, Own and Operate basis.
The company is also setting up small and medium sized hydro projects through its wholly owned subsidiary NTPC Hydro Ltd.|