Initial Public offering of the following financial instruments are offered

- Equity shares

- Non-convertible debenture

- Bonds

On the basis of Pricing, an issue can be further declassified into Fixed Price issue or Book Built issue. Fixed Price Issue: When the issuer at the outset decides the issue price and mentions it in the Offer Document, it is commonly known as "Fixed price issue".

Book built Issue: When the price of an issue is discovered on the basis of demand received from the prospective investors at various price levels, it is called "Book Built issue".

The price band is a band of price within which investors can bid. The spread between the floor and the cap of the price band shall not be more than 20%. The price band can be revised. If revised, the bidding period shall be extended for a further period of three days, subject to the total bidding period not exceeding thirteen days.

A Bid-lot is the pre-determined number of shares which have to be applied for by an investor. It is different for each issue. There is a minimum lot size which is pre-decided by the company and mentioned in the application form. Eg: Minimum bid lot in IPO of XYZ co. - 10 Bid-lot Multiples of 10 Price Band - 100-120. It means that a retail investor cannot apply for less than 10 shares in that particular issue. The application for more than 10 shares has to be in multiples of 10 like 20,30,40,etc

Based on demand at various prices,the Issuer Company, in consultation with BRLMs decides the final price of the offer. The price thus finalized is called the discovered price.

Yes, you can change or revise the quantity or price in the bid for an online order. However, you cannot modify/revise during:

a. Order is sent for processing

b. Modification/ Revision / Cancellation are not allowed post cut-off time.

Modification & Cancellation is not allowed for HNI Orders

Yes, you can cancel your bid for online order anytime before Modification/ Revision / Cancellation cut-off time.

A Syndicate Member/Broker is a member of the Stock Exchange to whom the investor has to submit the IPO Bid/Application form. The Syndicate Member / Broker receives the bid and uploads the same on to the electronic book of the stock exchange. Bids which are not uploaded into the electronic book are not considered for the purpose of allotment. The Syndicate Member/Broker , then submits the bid with cheque to the bankers. In case of online application, the Syndicate Member/Broker generates the electronic application form and submits the same to the registrar with proof of having paid the bid amount.

Investors are broadly classified under following categories:

Retail individual Investor (RIIs)

Non?Institutional Investors (NIIs)

Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs)

"Retail individual investor" means an investor who applies or bids for securities for a value of not more than Rs. 2,00,000.

Retail / Non – Retail IPO bids can be accepted at HSL


You can approach the Registrar to the compliance officer of the issue, whose name and contact number is mentioned on the cover page of the Company's prospectus. You can also contact our customer service team at 022-39019400 or write to us at [email protected] for your IPO related queries.

As per current norms, the newly issued share has to be listed on 6th working day after the issue is closed. Working backwards, this would generally mean that the allotment process and uploading of the shares, sending of refunds etc. have to be completed within 4-5 working days from the date of closure of the issue.

You can trade in new shares after they are listed and after ensuring that the allotted shares have been credited into your Demat Account. As per current rules, you cannot effect any off market transfers from your account till the shares are listed.

IPO comprises of an offer for subscription made by such company whose shares are not listed on any stock exchange for trading, whereas an FPO is offer made by already listed company to issue additional securities. For an already listed company, the investor may decide to buy from the market or subscribe to the offer made by the Company.

A retail investor can bid at any price within the price band or can bid at cut-off. "Cut-off price" means the investor is ready to pay whatever price is decided by the company at the end of the book building process. While making the application at Cut off, the investor is required to pay the amount at the highest price band. The excess amount, in case the price discovered is lower, is refunded. Cut-off option can be exercised only by Retail Investors and Employees of the issuing company applying in the Employee Category.

The DP-ID + Client ID, is the definitive identification of the applicant. Demat account f fed into electronic bid file, is used to credit shares as well as remit refund. The Registrar is required to process an application based on bid file and in absence of any other possible validation, a wrong but valid demat account can lead to a wrong refund / credit of shares. Thus it is very important that the Demat Account Number is stated correctly in the application form.

As per SEBI guidelines, all applicants are required to provide their PAN while applying for an Issue. Application without PAN or with invalid PAN is rejected. Investors are requested to ensure that their DP account is updated with proper PAN details.

A Registrar to an Issue is a SEBI-registered entity, qualified to act as such, and who electronically processes all the applications and carries out the allotment process, as per the rules/prospectus. The Registrar is responsible for complying with the time deadlines of updating the electronic credit of shares to the successful applicants, dispatching/uploading of refunds and attending to all investor related queries after the issue is completed. Usually, the Registrar continues to work with the company, even after the IPO, as its Registrar and Transfer Agent.

The Registrar's role in an IPO can be divided into three phases:

  • Pre-IPO, when the Registrar completes all preparatory work for the IPO, including instructing the escrow / ASBA bankers about the procedures they have to follow and the timelines to which they have to adhere.
  • Post IPO closure but pre Listing -, during which the Registrar receives the Final BID file from the exchanges, validates the same, coordinates with the bankers to ensure that final collection certificates are received, all cheque returned cases are accounted, and withdrawals if any are taken note of . The Registrar identifies all other technical defects. The Registrar after considering all the rejects, withdrawals etc., and after reconciling the bank receipts, with the Final Bid file, prepares the basis of allotment in conjunction with the BRLMs and Issuer , and submits this basis for approval to the Stock Exchange. Upon approval by the Stock Exchange, the Registrar proceeds with the allotment of shares, ensures that the electronic files for credit of shares and refunds are properly prepared and ensures the completion of all these processes including over printing / despatch of allotment advices/ refunds within the prescribed time limits.
  • Post allotment / listing phase during which the Registrar attends to all the complaints and strives for speedy resolution of the same.

The status of bidding in a book built issue is available on the website of BSE/NSE on a consolidated basis. The data regarding bids is also available investor category wise. After the price has been determined on the basis of bidding, the public advertisement containing, inter alia, the price as well as a table showing the number of securities and the amount payable by an investor, based on the price determined, is issued. However, in case of a fixed price issue, information is available only after the closure of the issue through a public advertisement, issued within 10 days of dispatch of the certificates of allotment/ refund orders.

You need to have an online Trinity trading account with HDFC Securities Ltd. There should be sufficient funds in your HDFC Bank account which is linked to the trading account.

You can check the allotment of shares in your Demat account linked to your HDFC securities online trading account.

You can place the orders by calling your RM / Online / Mobile / Centralized Call Center.

This is the overallotment of IPO. It means the underwriter will sell more shares than originally planned by the company. This is usually a common phenomenon when the demand for a share is higher than expected.


The applicant company must be in business for at least 3 years. It must see profits in at least 2 of these years. The minimum net worth must be ₹3 crores. There should not be any pending litigation against it. Lastly, a minimum of 25% of the shares must be offered in public.

The investor will require a DEMAT account, trading account, UPI ID and bank account. The whole process can be done online.

Yes, the company prospectus is presented to SEBI. It gives a green signal for the initial offering process if it is satisfied with the documents. Else, the company will have to make changes before it is shared with public investors.


All upcoming IPOS must maintain transparency and abide by the provisions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India and RBI exchanges.








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